Des Moines is the capital and most populous city in Iowa. It also serves as the seat of Polk County, although a small portion is located in Warren County. When the city was incorporated into the city in September 1851, its name was the word “fort”, but six years later it was abandoned. In 2010, the city was home to more than 200,000 people, and in the metropolitan area of the five districts of which it is a part, in 2011 lived more than 580,000 people.
Des Moines officially begins as a fortress
Archaeologists traced the settlement of this region by people at least 7000 years ago. However, it was not until 1843, on the recommendation of Indian agent John Dougherty, that Captain James Allen chose a place where two rivers converged to build a fort. This structure was built to accommodate displaced Mescaw and Sauk Indians, but these two tribes were eventually withdrawn from Iowa, leaving the fort abandoned. Soon the settlers arrived and occupied it, and by the end of 1846 the area had become the residence of Polk County.
Just a year later the streets were destroyed, but the flood of 1851 destroyed most of the city. He left the barren land on which a new city was built and incorporated in September 1851. The city acted in accordance with its original charter until the Iowa Fourth General Assembly approved the Registration Act in 1853. Four years later, the city became the state capital.
Industry arrives in Des Moines
The first systematic mining in the area began in 1864, and only nine years later the first mine was exhausted. By 1885, there were many mines, and the industry had spread to the countryside, depleting most of the local coal reserves by 1908. In the early 20th century, permanent roads and a new town hall were built, but before the world war growth slowed. I am.
After the war, the former soldiers returned in search of work. They found this in the construction industry, which led to an influx of buildings in the early 1920s. It ceased after the stock market crash in 1929, but the city survived the 1930s thanks to some federally funded projects that provided jobs and cosmetics. Update.
The population of Des Moines reached 160,000 in 1941, but declined as people fought during World War II. The city emerged from the war as a major insurance center, attracting other industries. Today, the city is the third largest insurance center in the world and a hub for business, education, government and culture.